According to the 2017 Well-being Prospectus presented by Shortlister, total well-being is the number one component desired in wellness programs. Total well-being is viewed differently by everyone. However, traditionally, it includes some combination of physical, spiritual, emotional, financial, mental, intellectual, and often environmental factors.
Many think total well-being is a new concept—not so! For example, the Greeks understood the importance of mind-body spirit as part of their well-being—initially in sports but then also in everyday living. Additionally, the first noting of occupational disease was by an Italian physician prior to the Industrial Revolution in 1810. And in 1817, a social reformer proposed work-life balance, suggesting workers work 8 hours, engage in recreation for 8 hours, and sleep for 8 hours. Good advice! In 1914 the Ford Company instituted this policy and saw a great return.
Emotional well-being has been recognized since 1950 with the introduction of Employee Assistance Programs (EAP), dealing primarily with mental health issues—often created from Stress!—and alcohol abuse. Our society still struggles with stress management, and this has only increased with the acceleration of technology.